Special Education and Applied Behavior Analysis in Turkey

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OTTAWA, ONTARIO -- (Marketwired) -- 12/11/13 -- His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, will preside over an Order of Canada investiture ceremony at Rideau Hall, on Friday, December 13, 2013, at 10:30 a.m. The Governor General, who is chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order, will bestow the honour on 26 Members and 13 Officers.

The Order of Canada was created in 1967, during Canada's centennial year, to recognize outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. Since its creation, more than 6 000 people from all sectors of society have been invested into the Order.

A schedule for the investiture ceremony, the list of recipients with citations, and a backgrounder on the Order of Canada are attached.

Media interested in covering this event and interviewing recipients are asked to contact the Rideau Hall Press Office and must arrive at the Princess Anne Entrance no later than 10:15 a.m. on the day of the ceremony.

Follow GGDavidJohnston and RideauHall on Facebook and Twitter.


Members of the media are asked to observe the following schedule:

9:45 a.m.:   Media arrive at Rideau Hall
10:30 a.m.:  Ceremony begins
             The Governor General speaks
             The Governor General presents the insignia
             (Members first, followed by Officers)
11:45 a.m.:  Interviews with recipients



George William Archibald, C.M.               Baraboo, WI, U.S.A. and
                                             New Glasgow, N.S.
David Ross Beatty, C.M., O.B.E.              Toronto, Ont.
Stevie Cameron, C.M.                         Toronto, Ont.
John M. Cassaday, C.M.                       Toronto, Ont.
James K. M. Cheng, C.M.                      Vancouver, B.C.
Bruce Clemmensen, C.M.                       Tottenham, Ont.
Rebecca J. Cook, C.M.                        Toronto, Ont.
Charmaine A. Crooks, C.M.                    West Vancouver, B.C.
Alban D'Amours, C.M., G.O.Q.                 Quebec, Que.
Nathalie Des Rosiers, C.M., O.Ont.           Ottawa, Ont.
James (Jim) Durrell, C.M.                    Ottawa, Ont.
Janice Clare Filmon, C.M., O.M.              Winnipeg, Man.
Louise Forand-Samson, C.M., O.Q.             Montreal, Que.
Geoffrey D. Green, C.M.                      Chelsea, Que.
Bernard Lucht, C.M.                          Toronto, Ont.
Allister MacGillivray, C.M.                  Albert Bridge, N.S.
David J. Magee, C.M.                         Edmonton, Alta.
Claude Montmarquette, C.M.                   Lachine, Que.
Diane Morrison, C.M.                         Ottawa, Ont.
Vice-Admiral Lawrence E. Murray, C.M.,       Hubbards, N.S. and Ottawa, Ont.
C.M.M., C.D. (Ret'd)
Hiroshi Nakamura, C.M.                       LaSalle, Que.
Sister Angele Rizzardo, C.M.                 Montreal, Que.
Anne Sado, C.M.                              Etobicoke, Ont.
Brigitte Shim, C.M.                          Toronto, Ont.
A. Howard Sutcliffe, C.M.                    Toronto, Ont.
Jodi White, C.M.                             Ottawa, Ont.


Francoise Bertrand, O.C., C.Q.               Town of Mount Royal, Que.
Paul G. Cherry, O.C.                         Saint John, N.B.
Denise Chong, O.C.                           Ottawa, Ont.
Julia M. Cruikshank, O.C.                    Vancouver, B.C.
Michael Fullan, O.C.                         Toronto, Ont.
Scott Griffin, O.C.                          Toronto, Ont.
Jean Grondin, O.C.                           Montreal, Que.
Veronica Lacey, O.C.                         Toronto, Ont.
Marnie Elizabeth McBean, O.C., M.S.M.        Toronto, Ont.
Roald Nasgaard, O.C.                         Toronto, Ont.
David W. Scheifele, O.C.                     Surrey, B.C.
Rachel Thibeault, O.C.                       Ottawa, Ont.
Ian Hugh Wallace, O.C.                       Vancouver, B.C.



                       George William Archibald, C.M.
           Baraboo, Wisconsin, U.S.A. and New Glasgow, Nova Scotia

George Archibald has dedicated his life to protecting cranes. Concerned that
many species of cranes were endangered, he co-founded the International
Crane Foundation and guided the development of innovative programs to
protect cranes in the wild. He is particularly known for dancing with a
captive female crane that preferred the company of humans, to induce her to
lay eggs. Over the course of 40 years, he has helped facilitate the
conservation of millions of hectares of wetlands worldwide, contributing to
the survival of many rare bird species.

                       David Ross Beatty, C.M., O.B.E.
                              Toronto, Ontario

David Beatty is a champion of integrity in corporate governance. Drawing on
his experience as a business executive, he served as the managing director
of the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance, where he led the development
of policies to improve transparency in our public companies. As a result,
major firms across the country now adhere to standards in such areas as
shareholder communication and compensation disclosure. Presently, as the
Conway Director of the Clarkson Centre for Business Ethics and Board
Effectiveness at the University of Toronto, he continues to promote socially
responsible behavior in the business community.

                            Stevie Cameron, C.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Stevie Cameron is one of Canada's foremost investigative journalists and a
committed volunteer. For decades, her award-winning books and investigative
reports have exposed wrongdoing and uncovered buried truths. She is the co-
founder of Out of the Cold, a volunteer program at St. Andrew's Church, in
Toronto, that provides food, medical services and clothing to the homeless.
This endeavour is so successful it has been modelled nationally. Her
generosity has also benefited other charitable agencies, including Second
Harvest and Portland Place.

                           John M. Cassaday, C.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

John Cassaday has a distinguished record of professional achievement and
community engagement. A leader in the broadcasting industry, having served
as president and CEO of CTV Television Network and Corus Entertainment, he
is also recognized as a dedicated volunteer who inspires others. In addition
to leading major fundraising campaigns for St. Michael's Hospital, the
Rotman School of Business and the United Way, he has supported many
charities, including the Tim Horton's Children's Foundation and the Hincks-
Dellcrest Foundation.

                           James K. M. Cheng, C.M.
                         Vancouver, British Columbia

James Cheng has had a transformative impact on Vancouver's city skyline. A
leading architect in the modernist style, he has designed large-scale urban
projects to the highest standard of execution. His portfolio includes the
Shangri-La and Fairmont Pacific Rim hotels, the Shaw Centre, and Residences
on Georgia. His award-winning designs have been published and exhibited from
North America to China. In addition, he is an esteemed mentor to numerous
students at the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at the
University of British Columbia.

                           Bruce Clemmensen, C.M.
                             Tottenham, Ontario

Bruce Clemmensen has helped to ensure high safety standards in Canada's
built environment. A designer, builder and former chair of the Canadian
Commission on Building and Fire Codes, he shepherded the renewal of our
national building and fire codes. By implementing an objective-based
approach, he facilitated a clear and concise application of our construction
codes within the building industry. As a result of his leadership, he helped
to place Canadian construction standards as one of the best in the world.

                            Rebecca J. Cook, C.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Rebecca Cook is an internationally renowned legal scholar on women's rights,
and sexual and reproductive health law. Professor emerita at the University
of Toronto, she founded its pioneering International Reproductive and Sexual
Health Law Program, which generates research and scholarship to advance
women's rights related to their health and well-being. She has partnered
with many organizations to co-author legal briefs that have vindicated
women's rights in national and international courts. Her passion, mentorship
and commitment to her students have shaped a generation of human rights
advocates in Canada and beyond.

                          Charmaine A. Crooks, C.M.
                      West Vancouver, British Columbia

Charmaine Crooks is a role model of athleticism and volunteerism. The first
Canadian woman to run 800 metres in under two minutes, she represented
Canada internationally for 17 years, notably as a five-time Olympian and
Olympic silver medallist. She then translated her experience as a competitor
to the highest levels of sport leadership, serving on the Canadian Olympic
Committee and the International Olympic Committee, where she was
instrumental in developing its code of ethics. She also supports many
charities, including the Canucks Autism Network, Big Sisters of B.C. Lower
Mainland, and the Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation.

                        Alban D'Amours, C.M., G.O.Q.
                               Quebec, Quebec

Alban D'Amours' career and volunteer activities are characterized by his
human and social values. Former professor at the Universite de Sherbrooke,
he served as head of the Department of Economics. His managerial skills led
him to a number of senior positions within the Government of Quebec and saw
him elected as president of Desjardins Group. While ensuring the Group's
growth in Quebec and elsewhere in Canada, he gave priority to a people-
centred vision and successfully oversaw the largest restructuring of the
Group in its history. In addition, he helped to promote the role of the co-
operative model at the international level. Furthermore, he has long
demonstrated a remarkable dedication to a host of social, cultural and
educational organizations.

                     Nathalie Des Rosiers, C.M., O.Ont.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Nathalie Des Rosiers has devoted her law career to ensuring greater social
justice. Renowned for her efforts to advance civil liberties, she served as
president of the Law Commission of Canada, during which time she produced a
baseline report, Restoring Dignity: Responding to Child Abuse in Canadian
Institutions. Former general counsel of the Canadian Civil Liberties
Association and dean of the Civil Law Section at the University of Ottawa,
she now heads the university's common law section. She is also known for her
commitment to Francophone minority rights and to the use of French within
Ontario's legal institutions.

                          James (Jim) Durrell, C.M.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Jim Durrell's contributions to the City of Ottawa have left a legacy for
generations to come. As a businessman, volunteer and former mayor, he
championed various initiatives in the areas of education, health care,
recreation and civic infrastructure. He was a key player in ensuring the
expansion and modernization of the Ottawa Convention Centre and the city's
international airport, and in attracting several professional sports teams
to the city. The Ottawa Hospital Foundation and the Canadian Centre for
Ethics in Sport have also benefited from his leadership.

                       Janice Clare Filmon, C.M., O.M.
                             Winnipeg, Manitoba

Janice Filmon is a model of community spirit and generosity. She is widely
respected for her fundraising acumen and for her active engagement in myriad
causes, including CancerCare Manitoba Foundation, and the Arthur V. Mauro
Centre for Peace and Justice. Passionate about her province, she served as
founding co-chair of Leadership Winnipeg, which fosters the development of
the city's future leaders, and as founding chair of the Nellie McClung
Foundation, which helps to preserve her region's rich history.

                      Louise Forand-Samson, C.M., O.Q.
                              Montreal, Quebec

Louise Forand-Samson is a pillar of Quebec's musical life. A pianist by
training, she is especially well known as an extraordinary concert and
recital organizer. For nearly 40 years, she held the reins of the Club
musical de Quebec as artistic director, making it a premiere destination for
the world's most renowned instrumentalists and singers. She also breathed
new life into the Festival international de Lanaudiere as its artistic co-
director and taught at the Conservatoire de musique de Quebec for several
years. In addition, she is an engaged volunteer, who provides support to
patients undergoing treatment for morbid obesity in Quebec.

                           Geoffrey D. Green, C.M.
                               Chelsea, Quebec

Geoff Green is committed to fostering generations of ecologically conscious
citizens. An expedition leader and educator, he has led more than 100
expeditions to the polar regions. A desire to share his experiences and
incite change led him to found Students on Ice, a globally unique
educational program that unites students from around the world with diverse
leaders and experts during expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. He has
brought together youth from all walks of life and cultural backgrounds as a
means of nurturing a heightened understanding and respect for the planet's
global ecosystem and the inspiration to protect it.

                             Bernard Lucht, C.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Bernie Lucht is one of broadcasting's most creative producers. As a producer
and executive producer for CBC Radio's "Ideas" and "Tapestry" programs for
over four decades, he helped create radio documentaries that have sparked
discussions in many Canadian households. Also a driving force behind the
Massey Lectures, he built a public platform for some of our most creative
thinkers to debate issues of ethics, identity and the common good.

                         Allister MacGillivray, C.M.
                         Albert Bridge, Nova Scotia

Cape Breton's musical heritage has been enriched by the contributions of
Allister MacGillivray. A musician and composer, he is beloved for his
original songs, many of which depict the traditional way of life of Cape
Breton coal miners and fishermen. His compositions are popular with
professional and amateur choirs, particularly his "Song for the Mira", which
is considered a classic and has been translated into several languages. His
various anthologies and publications about fiddling, step dancing and the
Gaelic language have also helped to preserve the island's traditional

                            David J. Magee, C.M.
                              Edmonton, Alberta

David Magee is a leading authority in orthopedic and sports physical therapy
in Canada. Physiotherapist, administrator and professor, he is best known
for authoring Orthopedic Physical Assessment, a training and reference
textbook used globally by health professionals. He has helped bring many
Canadian Olympians, and amateur and professional athletes back into the
game, notably as a long-time physiotherapist for the Edmonton Oilers and the
National Synchronized Swimming Team. In addition, he gives back to the
greater community, operating a free clinic out of his research lab for the
past 30 years.

                         Claude Montmarquette, C.M.
                               Lachine, Quebec

Claude Montmarquette is a renowned economist and administrator. Professor
emeritus at the Universite de Montreal and former chair holder in
experimental economics, he is a pioneer in this field of research in Quebec.
Filling a number of leadership positions, he is also the co-founder,
president and CEO of the Centre for Interuniversity Research and Analysis on
Organizations (CIRANO), where he steers the public policies research group.
A well-respected individual whose opinions are valued, he has worked with
government bodies to develop policies related to education and health.

                            Diane Morrison, C.M.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Diane Morrison has revolutionized the care provided to marginalized citizens
in her community. As the executive director of the Ottawa Mission, an
organization that provides food and shelter to homeless men, she
dramatically increased the scope of available inner-city services. Over two
decades, she founded a learning centre, a six-month residential drug
rehabilitation centre, and an on-site dental clinic, and initiated a
palliative care unit linked to the shelter, the first of its kind in North
America. Her innovation and dedication have made her a pillar in city-wide
efforts to alleviate hardship for disadvantaged citizens.

         Vice-Admiral Lawrence E. Murray, C.M., C.M.M., C.D. (Ret'd)
                  Hubbards, Nova Scotia and Ottawa, Ontario

Larry Murray is widely respected for his leadership and integrity. His long
career in the Royal Canadian Navy culminated in his role as acting chief of
the Defence Staff, in which he brought stability during challenging times.
He then joined the public service and served as deputy minister of Fisheries
and Oceans Canada and of Veterans Affairs Canada, where he led negotiations
that ended a 50-year wait for recognition of Merchant Navy veterans. His
voluntarism has also benefited such organizations as the Public Policy Forum
and the Royal Canadian Legion.

                           Hiroshi Nakamura, C.M.
                               LaSalle, Quebec

Hiroshi Nakamura has played a foundational role in the development of the
sport of judo in Canada. As the national coach for 5 Olympic Games and 13
World Championships, he has guided numerous Canadians to medals in
international competition. For the past 30 years he has also been the head
coach and technical director of Canada's largest judo club, where his
influence has extended to the wider community through self-defence classes
for women and programs for at-risk youth.

                        Sister Angele Rizzardo, C.M.
                              Montreal, Quebec

For over 50 years, Sister Angele has been sharing her love of cooking and
the art of cooking well. She first left her mark as a teacher at the
Institut de tourisme et d'hotellerie du Quebec and then moved on to
television, where she won over audiences from her first appearance. Other
television programs, as well as columns and cookbooks, soon followed. With
her legendary joie de vivre and energy, she tirelessly educates others about
good nutrition while promoting Canadian products. As a member of the
Institut Notre-Dame du Bon-Conseil de Montreal, she is actively involved in
the community and supports numerous causes, particularly those benefiting
disadvantaged children.

                               Anne Sado, C.M.
                             Etobicoke, Ontario

Anne Sado has enhanced the vital role of colleges in the education sector.
As the president of George Brown College, she brought new vision to the
institution, notably by expanding the school's applied research capabilities
and fostering collaboration with industry partners. As chair of Colleges
Ontario, she has been a driving force behind the ongoing development of a
more effective and transparent credit transfer system, to better enable
students to combine theoretical and applied learning. In her community, she
has also served in a range of volunteer positions with health and social
service organizations.

              Brigitte Shim, C.M. and A. Howard Sutcliffe, C.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Architects Brigitte Shim and Howard Sutcliffe are renowned for crafting
modern structures that are evocative and original. With a reputation for
bold projects, they have been commissioned to design public meeting places
and private dwellings in Ontario and beyond. They have garnered critical
acclaim through such projects as Integral House and Weathering Steel House,
which feature avant-garde designs and a distinctive use of building
materials. Respected internationally, they regularly represent the best in
Canadian design at exhibits around the world.

                              Jodi White, C.M.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Jodi White is highly regarded for promoting civic dialogue in Canada.
Throughout a multidisciplinary career touching on journalism, politics,
business and public administration, she has consistently worked on national
public policy challenges, from the role of governments in evolving global
economies to the need for national energy strategies. Her commitment to the
voluntary sector is also broad and long-standing. With organizations such as
the Tides Canada Foundation and Action Canada, she has promoted social and
environmental philanthropy and mentored emerging leaders.


                       Francoise Bertrand, O.C., C.Q.
                         Town of Mount Royal, Quebec

Francoise Bertrand is a distinguished administrator whose career is a source
of inspiration. As president and CEO of Tele-Quebec, she became the first
female head of a television network in North America, redirecting its
educational and cultural programming to reflect the realities of Quebec
society. She also blazed a trail as the first woman to serve as chair of the
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), notably
opening telephone service to competition. Today, as head of the Federation
des chambres de commerce du Quebec and chair of the Quebecor inc. board, she
is an important voice in public debates on current socio-economic issues.

                            Paul G. Cherry, O.C.
                          Saint John, New Brunswick

Paul Cherry has helped to improve financial reporting nationally and
internationally. A chartered accountant, he held leadership roles with the
Canadian Accounting Standards Board and the International Financial
Reporting Standards Advisory Council. He has been instrumental in updating
and harmonizing international accounting standards, which ensure that
enterprises provide investors with comparable, reliable and relevant
financial information. Thanks to his work, the public can have increased
confidence in financial reporting and the capital markets.

                             Denise Chong, O.C.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Denise Chong writes books that help to raise our social consciousness.
Following a decade as an economist in Ottawa, she worked in China as a
freelance journalist where she was inspired to write her family memoir, a
story that gives voice to the Chinese immigrant experience in Canada. Her
subsequent books reflect her compassion for victims of oppression. Committed
to building a caring nation, she shares her public policy expertise on
numerous task forces and boards of national organizations, including the
McGill Institute for the Study of Canada.

                          Julia M. Cruikshank, O.C.
                         Vancouver, British Columbia

Julia Cruikshank is a path-breaking scholar. An anthropologist and professor
at the University of British Columbia, she has elicited a deeper awareness
of the importance of oral dialogue in mainstream historical discourse. While
living for more than a decade in Yukon, she documented the oral history and
storytelling traditions of the Athapaskan and Tlingit peoples. Since then,
she has authored numerous award-winning books, including Do Glaciers Listen?

                            Michael Fullan, O.C.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Michael Fullan is a worldwide authority on educational reform. Professor
emeritus and former dean of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education,
at the University of Toronto, he is also an advisor to the Government of
Ontario. He is particularly known for developing strategies to empower
teachers and improve communication between the various levels within the
education system. He continues to be sought after by governments around the
world for his expertise in building and sustaining high-quality education

                             Scott Griffin, O.C.
                              Toronto, Ontario

An entrepreneur with a passion for poetry, Scott Griffin has made a lasting
impact on Canada's literary arts. Chairman of General Kinetics Engineering
Corporation and the House of Anansi Press, he is best known as the founder
of the Griffin Poetry Prize, one of the world's largest awards for English
poetry. He has also helped to bring poetry to a younger generation of
readers by launching Poetry in Voice, a bilingual poetry recitation contest
for Canadian high school students.

                             Jean Grondin, O.C.
                              Montreal, Quebec

Jean Grondin is one of our most distinguished philosophers on the global
stage. A professor at Universite de Montreal, he is considered the leading
advocate for the work of German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer. He is
renowned for his original research into metaphysics-the science of the
principles of being-and hermeneutics, the study and practice of
interpretation. His works are considered authoritative, and his frequently
cited writings have been translated into some 15 languages. Moreover, this
multilingual professor has been invited to several foreign universities and
is esteemed as an extraordinary educator.

                            Veronica Lacey, O.C.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Veronica Lacey is a leader in the field of education. As a former director
of education and deputy minister in Ontario, she championed innovation in
the classroom while introducing reforms to increase educational standards.
As the president and chief executive officer of the Learning Partnership,
she engages students across the country through such programs as Take our
Kids to Work and Welcome to Kindergarten, and shares best practices for
educators through initiatives like Canada's Outstanding Principals.

                    Marnie Elizabeth McBean, O.C., M.S.M.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Marnie McBean has translated her own success into helping others. As a
member of Canada's rowing team, she won numerous national and international
titles and is one of only two Canadians to win three summer Olympic gold
medals. She now channels her energy and determination into mentoring our
Olympians, helping them turn their potential into performance. As an
ambassador for Right to Play, Fast and Female, and Plan Canada's "Because I
am a Girl" campaign, she continues to inspire and build confidence in young

                            Roald Nasgaard, O.C.
                              Toronto, Ontario

Roald Nasgaard is a champion of contemporary Canadian art. His long and
distinguished museum career includes 15 years as chief curator of the Art
Gallery of Ontario. In this role, he thoughtfully oversaw the expansion of
the gallery's permanent collection and curated landmark exhibitions, notably
The Mystic North. He is a professor of art history at universities in Canada
and the United States, and a promoter of Canadian artists. His book Abstract
Painting in Canada is considered to be the definitive work on this 20th-
century movement.

                          David W. Scheifele, O.C.
                          Surrey, British Columbia

David Scheifele has helped to reduce the occurrence of infectious diseases
in children. As the director of the Vaccine Evaluation Center at the
University of British Columbia, and as the founder of the Canadian
Association of Immunization Research and Evaluation, he has increased public
confidence in childhood vaccines. He was also a principal investigator in a
nationwide monitoring program that tracks disease control and adverse events
from immunization. His leadership and collaborative research has positioned
Canada at the leading edge of vaccine use and safety.

                           Rachel Thibeault, O.C.
                               Ottawa, Ontario

Rachel Thibeault has empowered marginalized people around the world. An
occupational therapist and professor at the University of Ottawa, she has
developed rehabilitation and social integration programs for landmine
survivors, war-affected children, and people living with HIV/AIDS and
leprosy. She shares her experiences as a speaker, inspiring a generation of
occupational therapists and other professionals to expand their practice
beyond traditional boundaries.

                           Ian Hugh Wallace, O.C.
                         Vancouver, British Columbia

One of Canada's most compelling artists, Ian Wallace has played a
fundamental role in shaping the contemporary art scene. His avant-garde
practice of integrating painting and photography made him a central figure
in the creation of the internationally renowned Vancouver School of
Photoconceptualism. In addition, he taught Canadian art history at the Emily
Carr Institute of Art and Design, where he contributed important scholarship
to Canadian art history and nurtured the development of emerging artists.


Established in 1967 by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the Order of Canada is the cornerstone of the Canadian Honours System, and recognizes outstanding achievement, dedication to the community and service to the nation. The Order recognizes people in all sectors of Canadian society. Their contributions are varied, yet they have all enriched the lives of others and made a difference to this country.

Motto and Levels

The Order of Canada's motto is DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (They desire a better country). Her Majesty The Queen is the Sovereign of the Order, and the governor general is the chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order.

     Companion - Post-nominal: C.C.

     recognizes national pre-eminence or international service or

     Officer - Post-nominal: O.C.

     recognizes national service or achievement; and

     Member - Post-nominal: C.M.

     recognizes outstanding contributions at the local or regional level or
     in a special field of activity.

Insignia Description

The insignia of the Order is a stylized snowflake of six points, with a red annulus at its centre, which bears a stylized maple leaf circumscribed with the motto of the Order, DESIDERANTES MELIOREM PATRIAM (They desire a better country), surmounted by St. Edward's Crown.


All Canadians are eligible for the Order of Canada, with the exception of federal and provincial politicians and judges while in office. The Order's constitution permits non-Canadians to be considered for honorary appointments. Members of the Royal Family, governors general and their spouses are appointed in the extraordinary category. There are no posthumous appointments.

Officers and Members may be elevated within the Order in recognition of further achievement, based on continued exceptional or extraordinary service to Canada. Usually, promotions are considered five years after the first appointment.


Any person or group is welcome to nominate a deserving individual as a candidate for appointment to the Order of Canada. Appointments are made on the recommendations of the Advisory Council for the Order of Canada, an independent council chaired by the chief justice of Canada. Members of the Advisory Council on the Order of Canada reflect the diversity and excellence in Canadian society. Certain members are appointed by virtue of their office; others are appointed for a fixed term to achieve a balanced representation of the various regions of the country.

For more information about the Order of Canada or to nominate someone, visit our website at www.gg.ca/honours.

Marie-Pierre Belanger
Rideau Hall Press Office
[email protected]

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